I confess one baptism for the forgiveness of sins and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Eastern Orthodox and Protestant people believe many of the same things. They sometime disagree on the role of Mary the mother of Jesus and other saints , on what a priest can do, and on how exactly God should be worshipped, among other things.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For churches with similar beliefs, see Catholicism.
Saint Peter's Basilica , Vatican City. Archdioceses: Dioceses: 2, Bishops : 5, Priests : , Deacons : 45, Main article: Nicene Creed.
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THE APOSTOLIC AGE
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Latin : Ecclesia Catholica. Catholic theology. This pointed Masoretic Hebrew text became the text that the Reformers relied on, and is still the text on which virtually all modern Protestant translations are based. The points were simply tradition--something that had been handed down. The reformed churches, the Catholics insisted, had no comparable certainty. Some of the Reformers were uncomfortable with this seeming dilemma, and undertook to argue that the points, far from being of recent, man-made origin, had always existed alongside the consonantal letters and were equally inspired by God.
The climax of this was reached in when the Helvetic Consensus Formula provided that no man should be licensed to preach the Gospel without first professing his belief in the divine inspiration of the Hebrew vowel points!! Historically, the Roman Catholic Church has forbidden the free use of the Bible by the laity. The Council of Trent reaffirmed the earlier Council of Valencia with the following:. In as much as it is manifest, from experience, that if the Holy Bible, translated into the vulgar tongue, be indiscriminately allowed to everyone, the temerity of men will cause more evil than good to arise from it; it is, on this point, referred to the judgment of the bishops, or inquisitors, who may, by the advice of the priest or confessor, permit the reading of the Bible translated into the vulgar tongue by Catholic authors, to those persons whose faith and piety, they apprehend, will be augmented, and not injured by it; and this permission they must have in writing.
Such was the teaching and practice of the Roman Church for centuries. For one to possess or read the Bible in his native tongue without permission in writing from his superior and under the watchful eye of the bishop was a mortal sin, for which absolution could not be granted until the book was delivered to the priest. The Church has recently shifted its position regarding the use of the Bible. Vatican II encourages Bible study among the laity. Access to sacred Scripture ought to be wide open to the Christian faithful. Working with 2 Timothy , 2 Peter , and 1 Corinthians , compose a statement regarding the inspiration of the Bible.
Does the usage of Bible passages to validate the inspiration of the Bible constitute circular reasoning? Protestant doctrine rests on the foundation of the 66 books of the Protestant Bible. Upon what basis do we recognize these 66 books as inspired and therefore authoritative? Irenaeus d. Is it reasonable to assume that tradition that which was given by the apostles , once inscripturated, was replaced by the written documents?
What might be the potential result of free access to the Bible for Roman Catholics? How might the Bible be utilized in evangelizing them? Christ the Lord This Gospel was to be the source of all saving truth and moral discipline. This was faithhfully done: it was done by the apostles who handed on, by the spoken word of their preaching, by the example they gave, by the institutions they established, what they themselves had received--whether from the lips of Christ, from his way of life and his works, or whether they had learned it at the prompting of the Holy Spirit In order that the full and living Gospel might always be preserved in the Church the apostles left bishops as their successors.
Thus, the apostolic preaching, which is expressed in a special way in the inspired books, was to be preserved in a continuous line of succession until the end of time.
Hence, the apostles, in handing on what they themselves had received, warn the faithful to maintain the traditions which they had learned either by word of mouth or by letter This living transmission, accomplished in the Holy Spirit, is called Tradition, since it is distinct from Sacred Scripture, though closely connected to it. This Tradition is said to be living in that the Holy Spirit maintains the continuity of the unwritten, apostolic Gospel in the Church, and provides growth in insight into the Tradition through its expression in the lives and worship of the faithful.
It had become common, especially since the Counter-Reformation, to think of tradition objectively, as a collection of truths communicated to the apostles and preserved in the church. Without rejecting this notion, contemporary Catholicism shows a deeper awareness that tradition cannot be adequately understood as a body of explicit teaching.
HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY
Many doctrines are contained in a merely implicit way in tradition considered as an activity or process whereby faith is expressed and transmitted. In this way, insight into the Tradition grows,. The Tradition that comes from the apostles makes progress in the Church, with the help of the Holy Spirit. There is a growth in insight into the realities and words that are being passed on.
This comes about in various ways. It comes through the contemplation and study of believers who ponder these things in their hearts. It comes from the intimate sense of spiritual realities which they experience. And it comes from the preaching of those who have received, along with their right of succession in the episcopate, the sure charism of truth. Thus, as the centuries go by, the Church is always advancing towards the plenitude of divine truth, until eventually the words of God are fulfilled in her.
Since what the Church does reflects what the Church believes , the universal practice of the Church is also considered a reliable witness to the Roman Catholic faith.
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The whole body of the faithful who have an annointing that comes from the holy one cannot err in matters of belief. By this appreciation of the faith, aroused and sustained by the Spirit of truth, the People of God, guided by the sacred teaching authority magisterium , and obeying it, receives not the mere word of men, but truly the word of God, the faith once for all delivered to the saints. The People unfailingly adheres to this faith, penetrates it more deeply with right judgment, and applies it more fully in daily life.
Catholic theology holds that no further revelation is to be expected prior to the return of Christ. The sacred deposit is complete, though not yet fully understood.
Catechism of the Catholic Church - I believe in the Holy Spirit
The significance of the Word of God will be increasingly understood over the course of time. Yet even if Revelation is already complete, it has not been made completely explicit; it remains for Christian faith gradually to grasp its full significance over the course of the centuries. Rather it insists that in ex cathedra pronouncements the Holy Spirit enables the pope to draw out and proclaim what belonged to the original revelation.
Based on the Roman Catholic understanding of Tradition, would it be true that the practice of the Church at any given time accurately reflects the Gospel of Christ? Can the Church become heretical?
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Which of the two, Tradition and the Bible, would seem to be more encompassing? What could this imply about the authority of Tradition versus that of the Bible? The sacred deposit, Scripture and Tradition, were entrusted by the apostles to the whole Church. The responsibility for interpreting the sacred deposit, however, lies with the Magisterium--the bishops headed by the Bishop of Rome, the Pope. This sacred synod [Vatican II], following in the steps of the First Vatican Council, teaches and declares with it that Jesus Christ, the eternal pastor, set up the holy Church by entrusting the apostles with their mission as he himself had been sent by the Father cf.